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Goldberg v. Whitaker House Co-op., Inc: Homework and Economic Realities Can Indicate Employment Relationship Under FLSA

Goldberg v. Whitaker House Co-op., Inc: Homework and Economic Realities Can Indicate Employment Relationship Under FLSA

In Goldberg v. Whitaker House Co-op., Inc., 366 U.S. 28, 81 S. Ct. 933, 6 L. Ed. 2d 100 (1961), the Supreme Court held that members of a knitting cooperative who performed “homework,” were paid on a piece-rate basis to make items for the co-op, and who were subject to...

Groff v. DeJoy: Employers Must Show Substantial Increased Costs to Defend Denial of Religious Accommodation as Undue Hardship

Groff v. DeJoy: Employers Must Show Substantial Increased Costs to Defend Denial of Religious Accommodation as Undue Hardship

In Groff v. DeJoy, 600 U.S. 447, 143 S.Ct. 2279 (2023), the Supreme Court held that for an employer to deny a religious accommodation for an employee as an undue hardship under Title VII, the employer must show that granting an accommodation would result in...

United States v. Silk: Six-Factor Economic Realities Test For Differentiating Between Employees and Independent Contractors

United States v. Silk: Six-Factor Economic Realities Test For Differentiating Between Employees and Independent Contractors

In United States v. Silk, 331 U.S. 704 (1947), the Supreme Court applied a multi-factor test for determining whether workers were independent contractors or employees. The case is important because, inter alia, these “Silk factors” came to be applied in cases under...

EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc.: Title VII Gives Favored Treatment to Employees’ Religious Practices

EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc.: Title VII Gives Favored Treatment to Employees’ Religious Practices

In Equal Emp't Opportunity Comm'n v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc., 575 U.S. 768 (2015), the Supreme Court held that to prove a religion-based disparate treatment claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, a job applicant need only show that her need...